Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

LBW incidence based on socio-economic, Hb level and compliance of pregnant women taking Fe supplements

Abstract

Introduction: Lob birth weight (LBW) is a condition of fetal growth failure characterized by birth weight of fewer than 2,500 grams. LBW is influenced by several factors, including socio-economic, perinatal nutrition, infectious diseases, maternal hemoglobin levels, and pregnant women's compliance with taking iron tablets. This study aimed to examine the association between each risk factor toward the incidence of LBW.

Methods: This study with a case-control design used a retrospective approach. From a population of 450 mothers with 0-10 months old babies, 35 LBW incidences were found, and 35 normal-weight babies were selected randomly. Questionnaires were used to identify pregnant women's socio-economic status and compliance with consuming Fe supplements. At the same time, the data for Hb levels and identification of LBW incidences were taken from the MCH (maternal child health) handbook. Statistical analysis used SPSS 16 with Somers'd correlation test.

Results: The results showed that the correlation between education (p<0.001), socio-economic (income) (p=0.002), Hb level (p<0.001), and the compliance of pregnant women taking Fe supplements (p<0.001) were correlated with the incidence of LBW. It is necessary to optimize the consumption of iron tablets through assistance during pregnancy.

Conclusion: Based on the results of the study that has been conducted, it can be concluded that there is a correlation between socio-economic (education and income), Hb levels, and compliance of pregnant women taking Fe supplements with the incidence of LBW.

References

  1. Indri O AN, Endah W A, Amareta DI. Hubungan Faktor Predisposisi terhadap Kepatuhan Ibu Hamil dalam Mengkonsumsi Tablet Besi dan Kadar Hemoglobin di Puskesmas Mangli Kabupaten Jember. J Kesehat. 2019;5(3):154–65.
  2. Sujianti. Hubungan Usia Ibu dengan Kejadian Bayi Berat Lahir Rendah (BBLR) di RSUD Cilacap. Kesehat Al-Irsyad. 2018;XI(1):62–7.
  3. Simarmata OS. Hubungan Kualitas Pelayanan Antenatal Terhadap Kejadian BBLR di Indonesia (Analisis Data Sekunder Survei Demografi Dan Kesehatan Indonesia Tahun 2007). 2010;135.
  4. Situbondo K. Kabupaten Situbondo Tahun 2011. 2012;
  5. Dinkes. PROFIL KESEHATAN PROVINSI JAWA TIMUR TAHUN 2016 [East Java Health Profile 2016]. Provinsi Jawa Timur, Dinkes. 2016;
  6. Indreswari M, Hardinsyah H, Damanik MRM. Hubungan Antara Intensitas Pemeriksaan Kehamilan, Fasilitas Pelayanan Kesehatan, Dan Konsumsi Tablet Besi Dengan Tingkat Keluhan Selama Kehamilan. J Gizi dan Pangan. 2008;3(1):12.
  7. Purwaningtyas ML, Prameswari GN. Faktor Kejadian Anemia pada Ibu Hamil. Higeia J Public Heal Res Dev. 2017;1(3):84–94.
  8. Tatiana R. Perbandingan efektivitas terapi besi intra vena dengan terapi besi oral pada anemia defisiensi besi dalam kehamilan : laporan pendahuluan. 2006;(April 2007):110454.
  9. Sinaga RJ, Hasanah N. Determinan Kejadian Anemia pada Ibu Hamil di Puskesmas Tunggakjati Kecamatan Karawang Barat. JUKMAS J Untuk Masy …. 2019;3(2):179–92. Available from: http://ejournal.urindo.ac.id/index.php/jukmas/article/view/607
  10. Rosita R, Soepardi J. Pusat Data dan Informasi Profil Kesehatan Indonesia 2010 [Internet]. Direktorat Jendral Kesehatan Ibu dan Anak. 2011. Jakarta. Available from: http://www.depkes.go.id

How to Cite

Amareta, D. I., Palestin, C. N., & Lestari, A. D. (2022). LBW incidence based on socio-economic, Hb level and compliance of pregnant women taking Fe supplements. Bali Medical Journal, 11(2), 697–701. https://doi.org/10.15562/bmj.v11i2.3139

HTML
8

Total
34

Share

Search Panel

Dahlia Indah Amareta
Google Scholar
Pubmed
BMJ Journal


Cindy Nur Palestin
Google Scholar
Pubmed
BMJ Journal


Alinea Dwi Lestari
Google Scholar
Pubmed
BMJ Journal