The effect of ergonomic exercise based on spiritual care on distress levels in elderly with diabetes mellitus
- Siti Nur Hasina ,
- M. Shodiq ,
- Mochamad Ikwan ,
- Rahmadaniar Aditya Putri ,
- Iis Noventi ,
- Budhi Setianto Setianto ,
Introduction: The elderly are a range group, the older they get, the more problems they will have, such as Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes Mellitus and distress are two things that affect each other, either directly or indirectly. Management of Diabetes Mellitus in daily life can be a burden for people with DM, so it can cause feelings of frustration, anger, being overwhelmed, and hopelessness. This study aimed to analyze the effect of Ergonomic Exercise Based on Spiritual Care on Distress Levels in the Elderly with Diabetes Mellitus.
Method: This study used a Quasy Experimental design with a pre-test and post-test with a control group. The population in this study were all elderly people with Diabetes Mellitus who attended the Mahatma Elderly Posyandu. Instrument The measurement of the level of distress using the Diabetes Distress Scale (DDS) questionnaire. Data analysis using paired t-test and independent t-test.
Results: The results of this study showed that the average level of distress before being given ergonomic exercise based on spiritual care in the intervention group was 2.65 (moderate distress) and 2.66 (moderate distress) in the control group with p-value = 0.843. The level of distress after being given an ergonomic exercise based on spiritual care found the average level of distress in the intervention group was 1.52 (mild distress) and in the control group 2.80 (moderate distress) with a p-value = 0.000.
Conclusion: This study shows that the effectiveness of ergonomic exercise and spiritual care- can reduce distress levels. So that this research is highly recommended for nurses in carrying out their duties independently in providing non-pharmacological therapy to reduce distress levels, especially in the elderly with diabetes mellitus.