Introduction: The two biggest issues for post-ischemic stroke patients are disability and mortality. Patients with post-ischemic stroke have a decline in quality of life due to alterations in neurological function. Additionally, post-stroke patients require ongoing education to improve their independence in completing daily tasks. His research thus sought to examine the impact of stroke self-management on post-ischemic stroke patients' neurological function and quality of life using the framework of health behavior theory.
Methods: The sampling method utilized in the study design was successive sampling with a quasi-experimental design to choose the sample following the inclusion and exclusion criteria. 58 intervention and control groups were created from a total sample of 116 respondents. This research used the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) and Stroke Specific Quality of Life Scale (SS-QoL). Statistical analysis using t-test with p<0.5.
Results: According to the findings, the mean neurological function in the intervention group before and after the intervention was 8.259, whereas the mean quality of life before and after the intervention was -20.93. In the control group, the mean neurological function was -0.179 before and after the intervention, whereas the mean quality of life was 0.069. Data analysis revealed a significant difference between health behavior therapy-based stroke self-management programs and neurological function and quality of life in post-ischemic stroke patients with p = 0.00.
Conclusion: Stroke self-management based on health behavior theory can be applied over the long term to help patients’ neurological function and quality of life.